Michigan’s Trade-Related Job Losses Doubled in Recent Years

New Analysis of Government Data:

Michigan’s Trade-Related Job Losses on the Rise in Recent Years

Number of Michigan Jobs Lost to Offshoring & Displacement by Imports More Than Doubled in 2017–2019 over 2014–2016

Lansing, Mich. — Michigan’s trade-related job loss has more than doubled over the last three years, according to a new analysis of U.S. Labor Department data conducted by the Trade Justice Education Fund (TJEF). As such, Michigan ranks among the hardest hit states in the country.

“The numbers don’t lie. The impact is real, and things are getting worse,” said Denise Bailey, TJEF’s lead organizer.  “Michigan is hemorrhaging jobs to offshoring week after week, with devastating effects on our working families, our communities and our economy.”

Trade policy experts from TJEF compiled and reviewed data from the federal government’s Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program, which provides extended unemployment benefits to a subset of workers that the Department of Labor certifies as having lost their jobs either due to direct offshoring or displacement by imports.  The government data reveal:

  • Trade-Related Job Loss Is on The Rise in Michigan: Michigan experienced a 211% increase in trade-related job losses over the last three years in comparison to the three years before that, with 15,675 job losses certified for TAA under petitions filed between 2017 and 2019 compared to 7,428 between 2014 and 2016. Michigan also suffered a 308% increase in trade-related job losses in 2019 over 2018.
  • Michigan Is Among the Hardest Hit States in the Country: Despite only being the tenth largest state by population, Michigan experienced the second highest trade-related job loss numbers in the country from 2017–2019. Michigan trailed only California, a state with nearly four times a many people. This ranking is even worse than Michigan’s historically higher-than-average position as the state with the fifth most TAA certifications in the country from 1994–2019.
  • All Corners of the State Have Been Affected: Cities and towns with more than 100 TAA certifications over the last three years include: Adrian (295 certified job losses); Auburn Hills (251 certified job losses); Battle Creek (200 certified job losses); Brownstown Charter Township (106 certified job losses); Detroit (2,773 certified job losses); Flat Rock (1,056 certified job losses); Frasier (123 certified job losses); Galesburg (247 certified job losses); Grand Rapids (534 certified job losses); Highland Park (152 certified job losses); Holland (135 certified job losses); Jonesville (120 certified job losses); Kalamazoo (207 certified job losses); Lansing (283 certified job losses); Livonia (221 certified job losses); Madison Heights (135 certified job losses); Mendon (290 certified job losses); Pontiac (503 certified job losses); Portage (149 certified job losses); Romulus (322 certified job losses); Saginaw (181 certified job losses); Sterling Heights (3,277 certified job losses); Warren (1,929 certified job losses); and Ypsilanti (220 certified job losses).

Additional data from the U.S. Census Bureau also shows that the U.S. trade deficit in goods and Michigan’s own trade deficit in goods have been on the rise over the last three years, reaching over $852 billion and $87 billion respectively in 2019.

“Offshored jobs mean less income, cut-off benefits and increased stress for the families directly affected, but the wider community is also often hurt,” said Ghana Goodwin-Dye, former President of UAW Local 909.  

“When thousands of Michigan’s jobs are shipped overseas there’s less money for people to spend at local businesses, less tax revenue for our schools and other public services, and there’s also a very real downward pressure on the wages and benefits of the jobs that are left,” added Micheal Davis, Organizing Director of the Michigan AFL-CIO

“The new wave of nationalist policies that supposedly put ‘America First’ is actually still putting corporations first. If we’re going to stop bleeding jobs in Michigan, the administration needs to stop advancing bad policies that actively encourage outsourcing — like the 2017 tax bill that gave a better tax rate to companies that offshore production or January’s China trade deal that created new safeguards for companies that move jobs overseas,” Bailey explained.

“We also need to get serious about trade deals that actually enforce labor rights, require wage improvements and include strong environmental standards so that corporations are no longer able to ship jobs around the globe to wherever workers are the most exploited and regulations are the weakest.”

The TAA data used for this analysis is particularly reliable as it provides a hard count of actual jobs lost at actual worksites, rather than relying on the economic modeling found in most government, academic and industry group reports about job effects of U.S. trade policy. That said, the TAA certification numbers included here fall far short of the true number of jobs in Michigan lost due to trade — both because the TAA program has never covered all categories of work adversely affected by trade and because worksites where no one actively applies for TAA are not captured in the dataset.

A full copy of the TJEF analysis is online here.

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Recent TAA Certifications in Michigan by City 

Company NameCityPetition DateJob Losses
Inteva Products, LLCAdrian6-Mar-17295
Ossur AmericasAlbion4-Jun-1934
L. Perrigo CompanyAllegan5-Jun-177
Pensmore Reinforcement Technologies, LLCAnn Arbor14-Jun-1839
Adient US LLCAuburn Hills13-Jun-17154
MH Sub I, LLCAuburn Hills21-Mar-1832
Benteler Automotive CorporationAuburn Hills5-Jun-187
Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc.Auburn Hills19-Oct-1830
FTE Automotive, USA, Inc.Auburn Hills7-May-1928
SPX Flow ClydeUnionBattle Creek28-Mar-1710
Kellogg Ready to Eat Cereal Plant – RTECBattle Creek1-Mar-1824
TreeHouse Private Brands, Inc.Battle Creek1-Jul-1984
DENSO Air Systems Michigan, Inc.Battle Creek28-Feb-2082
Brownstown Battery AssemblyBrownstown C.T. 7-Jan-19106
BorgWarner Thermal Systems Inc.Cadillac6-Mar-1732
GM Detroit Hamtramck Assembly and GMSM LLCDetroit6-Jan-171,192
International Specialty Steel, LLCDetroit12-Apr-17110
Android Industries- DetroitDetroit1-Jun-17241
Integrated Manufacturing and AssemblyDetroit1-May-18182
General Motors Detroit-Hamtramck AssemblyDetroit15-Jan-193
Integrated Manufacturing and AssemblyDetroit4-Apr-1978
The Crown Group Co. (PPG Coatings Services)Detroit21-Aug-191
Kautex, Inc.Detroit9-Jan-20105
Logistics Insight Corp.Detroit3-Feb-2067
Express Employment ProfessionalsDetroit3-Feb-203
General Motors Detroit-Hamtramck AssemblyDetroit15-Jan-19672
General Motors Subsystems Manufacturing, LLCDetroit15-Jan-1922
Android IndustriesDetroit3-Feb-2097
United State Steel CorporationEcorse20-Sep-191,390
Ventra Evart, LLCEvart15-Feb-1755
Harman Becker Automotive SystemsFarmington Hills25-Sep-1925
TIDI Products, LLCFenton13-Feb-1858
Ford Motor CompanyFlat Rock4-Mar-191,056
Faurecia AutomotiveFraser27-Jan-17123
Benteler Automotive CorporationGalesburg7-Jun-18215
IsringhausenGalesburg26-Apr-1932
Meijer Great Lakes Limited PartnershipGrand Rapids31-Jan-18249
Steelcase Inc.Grand Rapids11-Apr-1885
Infor (US), Inc.Grand Rapids6-Jun-184
Dematic CorporationGrand Rapids21-May-18166
AT&T Business-Global Operations & ServicesGrand Rapids2-Jul-193
BlackmerGrand Rapids27-Dec-1927
Yanfeng US Automotive Interior Systems 1, LLCHighland Park17-Jan-18152
Holland, Inc.Holland14-Mar-1724
SAF-HOLLAND, Inc.Holland12-Apr-17111
Homer Donaldson Company LLCHudson23-Oct-1871
Trulife Inc.Jackson21-Mar-189
Alphi ManufacturingJonesville30-Nov-18120
Schawk USA Inc.Kalamazoo14-Dec-1724
Hydro Extrusion North America, LLCKalamazoo16-Oct-19183
Steelcase Inc.Kentwood11-Apr-1810
Biewer LumberLake City2-Oct-1833
General Motors (GM)Lake Orion29-Aug-1785
Alliance InteriorsLansing12-Jun-1752
Yanfeng Global Automotive InteriorsLansing11-Aug-17231
A123 Systems LLCLivonia4-Apr-17140
A123 Systems LLCLivonia24-May-1981
Dormakaba USA Inc.Madison Heights10-Dec-18135
Biewer LumberMcBain2-Oct-1896
International Automotive Components (IAC)Mendon22-Jan-20290
ESCO Company, LLCMuskegon25-Apr-1739
Eagle Mine LLCNegaunee17-Sep-1911
Harman International Industries, Inc.Novi12-Oct-1856
Burroughs Inc.Plymouth24-Feb-1752
General Motors Global Propulsion SystemsPontiac5-Jun-19473
General Motors Pontiac Metal CenterPontiac5-Aug-1930
WKW Extrusion-Bowers Manufacturing CompanyPortage26-Jan-18149
Lear CorporationRochester Hills12-Oct-1757
A123 Systems LLCRomulus4-Apr-17216
Kerr CorporationRomulus20-Mar-1825
A123 Systems LLCRomulus24-May-1981
Barber Steel Foundry CorporationRothbury28-Oct-19130
Suniva, Inc.Saginaw24-Feb-17147
General MotorsSaginaw13-Feb-1834
The Crown Group Co. (PPG Coatings Services)Shelby Township21-Aug-191
Michigan Seamless Tube, LLSSouth Lyon2-Oct-1845
Allied Ring CorporationSt. Johns9-Jan-1886
Johnson Rauhoff, Inc.St. Joseph20-Mar-1834
Faurecia AutomotiveSterling Heights27-Jan-17277
Fiat Chrysler America (FCA)Sterling Heights6-Apr-173,000
Kelly Services, Inc.Troy15-Jun-1730
Populus GroupTroy31-Jan-1956
Geometric Americas, Inc.Troy24-May-196
PPG Industries, Inc.Troy21-Aug-191
General Motors (GM)Warren25-Jul-17156
GM Technical CenterWarren26-Feb-191,298
Allegis, Jones Lang Lasalle, Eurest ServicesWarren1-May-193
General MotorsWarren1-May-19472
Behr-Hella Thermocontrol, Inc.Wixom2-Nov-1762
Bosal Industries-Georgia, Inc.Ypsilanti22-Mar-19220

Source: “Petitions and Determination Data,” U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Trade Adjustment Assistance (OTAA). https://www.dol.gov/agencies/eta/tradeact/data/petitions-determinations

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